Myasthenia Gravis, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Treatment And Related Conditions

Myasthenia Gravis, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Treatment And Related Conditions

eBook - 2015
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Myasthenia gravis is a rare chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease This condition occurs more in women than men at any age Myasthenia gravis literally means grave muscle weakness. Antibodies blocks the neurotransmitter junction, causing a neuromuscular illness The thymus gland may give incorrect instructions to developing immunity This results in the production of the acetylcholine receptor antibodies. Which unfortunately block the receptors at the neuromuscular junction This result in the receptors unable to generate a muscle contraction The muscle weakness usually increases during periods of activity There is weakness of the eye, neck, limbs and fatigue There is slurred speech and difficulty in swallowing There may a waddling gait and difficulty in breathing Treatment for myasthenia gravis is with anticholinesterase agents such as neostigmine Immunosuppressive drugs such as prednisone, cyclosporine, and azathioprine Thymectomy reduces symptoms in more than 70 percent of patients surgically Plasmapheresis in which intravenous immune globulin replaces the abnormal antibodies-An original poem by Kenneth Kee Interesting Tips about the Myasthenia Gravis A Healthy Lifestyle1. Take a well Balanced Diet2. Treatment for myasthenia gravis has improved tremendously with several therapies to help reduce and improve muscle weakness.a. Anticholinesterase agents such as neostigmine and pyridostigmine which help improve neuromuscular transmission and increase muscle strength.b. Immunosuppressive drugs such as prednisone, cyclosporine, and azathioprine improve muscle strength by suppressing the production of abnormal antibodies. They must be used cautiously because of their many side effects.c. .Thymectomy, the surgical removal of the thymus gland (usually abnormal in myasthenia gravis), reduces symptoms in more than 70 percent of patients and may cure some individuals, possibly by re-balancing the immune system.d. Plasmapheresis in which abnormal antibodies are removed from the blood, and high-dose intravenous immune globulin which temporarily modifies the immune system and provides the body with normal antibodies from donated blood.3. Keep bones and body strong Bone marrow produces our blood Eat foods rich in calcium like yogurt, cheese, milk, and dark green vegetables. Eat foods rich in Vitamin D, like eggs, fatty fish, cereal, and fortified milk. Eat food rich in Vitamins B and C such as green vegetables and fruits Zinc and other minerals are important to the body4. Get enough rest and Sleep Avoid stress and tension5. Exercise and stay active. It is best to do weight-bearing exercise such as walking, jogging, stair climbing, dancing, or lifting weights for 21/2 hours a week. One way to do this is to be active 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week. Begin slowly especially if a person has not been active.6. Do not drink more than 2 alcohol drinks a day for a man or 1 alcohol drink a day for a woman. Alcohol use also increases the chance of falling and breaking a bone. Alcohol can affect the neurons and brain cells.7. Stop or do not begin smoking. It also interferes with blood supply and healing. Chapter 1Myasthenia Gravis What is Myasthenia gravis? Myasthenia gravis is a rare chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease that causes weakening of the skeletal muscles of the body. The name myasthenia gravis literally means grave muscle weakness. How does Myasthenia Gravis develop? Myasthenia gravis interferes in the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles. Normally the nerve endings release a neurotransmitter substance called acetylcholine which then travels to the neuromuscular junction. The acetylcholine binds to acetylcholine receptors which are activated and generate a muscle contraction. In myasthenia gravis, antibodies produced by the body's immune system block, alter, or destroy the receptors for acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction and prevent muscle contraction.--Provided by publisher.
Publisher: [Place of publication not identified] : Kenneth Kee, 2015.
ISBN: 9781311678225
Branch Call Number: EBOOK
Characteristics: data file
1 online resource.

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