Syncope, A Simple Guide to the Condition, Treatment and Related DiseaseseBook - 2014
Syncope is the medical term for losing consciousness It is not a disease but a symptom of fainting sickness It usually occur after the age of 40 without pain It is due to a drop of blood flow to the brain Many forms of syncope are preceded by dizziness There may be loss of vision and temporary weakness There may be a feeling of heat, palpitations, sweating There may be emotional distress, nausea and vomiting,There are 3 main causes of the syncope condition Cardiac, neural reflex and orthostatic hypotension Physical examination and ECG are part of the initial evaluation One best way is implantable loop recorders and hospitalization Treatment may be just reassurance and education Avoid prolonged standing in a hot environment Squatting down on the heels can be very effective Or sit down with the head between the knees.-An original poem by Kenneth Kee Interesting Tips about the Syncope A Healthy Lifestyle1. Take a well Balanced Diet2. Treatment of Syncope:a. Reassurance and education are usually all that is required.b. Avoid potential triggers likely to induce syncope - e.g., prolonged standing in a hot environment or having a long hot bath. Take action at the first warning sign of collapse:a. If it is imminent, lie down flat with the legs up on a chair or against a wall or sit down with the head between the knees.b. Squatting down on the heels can be very effective and is less noticeable in public. These techniques help move venous blood that has pooled in the limbs aiding circulation to the brain. When feeling better, get up carefully. If symptoms return, resume the position. Treatment may be required if syncope is very frequent, the patient is at risk of injury as attacks are unpredictable, or if syncope occurs during high-risk activities such as driving.3. Keep bones and body strong Bone marrow produces our blood Eat foods rich in calcium like yogurt, cheese, milk, and dark green vegetables. Eat foods rich in Vitamin D, like eggs, fatty fish, cereal, and fortified milk. Eat food rich in Vitamins B and C such as green vegetables and fruits Zinc and other minerals are important to the body4. Get enough rest and Sleep Avoid stress and tension5. Exercise and stay active. It is best to do weight-bearing exercise such as walking, jogging, stair climbing, dancing, or lifting weights for 21/2 hours a week. One way to do this is to be active 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week. Begin slowly especially if a person has not been active.6. Do not drink more than 2 alcohol drinks a day for a man or 1 alcohol drink a day for a woman. Alcohol use also increases the chance of falling and breaking a bone. Alcohol can affect the neurons and brain cells.7. Stop or do not begin smoking. It also interferes with blood supply and healing. Chapter 1Syncope Syncope is a temporary loss of consciousness resulting from inadequate cerebral blood supply. Causes:A. Vasomotor:1. Vagal slowing of heart and reduction of blood pressure from fear, severe pain or psychogenic disturbance2. Hemorrhage or circulatory fluid loss from burns3. Postural hypotension - blood pressure drops from sleeping or sitting position to upright position4. Vasoactive drugs such as anti-hypertensive (prazosin, methyl dopa) and heart medicines (nitrites, adrenergic blockers)5. Carotid sinus compression B. Cardiac:1. Asystole or heart blockage2. Sudden arrhythmias with high ventricular rate3. Heart valve prosthesis4. Aortic stenosis with exertion5. Cardiogenic shock following myocardial infarction6. Sudden cardiac compression TABLE OF CONTENTIntroduction Chapter 1 Syncope Chapter 2 More Facts about Syncope Chapter 3 Treatment of Syncope Chapter 4 Shock Chapter 5 Dizziness Chapter 6 Motion Sickness Chapter 7 Hypoglycemia Chapter 8 Coma.--Provided by publisher.
Publisher: [Place of publication not identified] : Kenneth Kee, 2014.
Branch Call Number: EBOOK
Characteristics: 1 online resource. data file